Analyzing Rear-End Collision Risk Relevant to Autonomous Vehicles by Using a Humanlike Brake Model - Université Gustave Eiffel Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems Year : 2024

Analyzing Rear-End Collision Risk Relevant to Autonomous Vehicles by Using a Humanlike Brake Model

Ci Liang
Yusheng Ci
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1388665
Wei Zheng
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1381039

Abstract

Rear-end collisions between autonomous vehicles (AVs) and human-driven vehicles (HVs) represent critical scenarios in road networks. Few studies have focused on the scenarios where a HV hits an AV from behind (called a HV-AV collision). This paper aims to investigate the occurrence of HV-AV collisions in the stop-in-lane (SiL) scenario where a HV follows an AV. A humanlike brake control (HLBC) model is firstly proposed to simulate the driver brake control. The HLBC model considers human driving intention, vision-based expectancy, and certain inherent characteristics of human driving to achieve dynamic humanlike braking. Additionally, the joint distribution of off-road-glance and time-headway is originally introduced to simulate the glance distraction of drivers during their dynamic vehicle control. Sequentially, we apply the HLBC model to the SiL scenario to investigate how the HV-AV collision probability changes with respect to various dynamic driving parameters. The results of the case study provide a thorough understanding of the dynamic driving conditions that lead to HV-AV collisions and pave the way for identifying practical countermeasures to improve the road safety involving AVs.
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Dates and versions

hal-04599482 , version 1 (03-06-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Ci Liang, Mohamed Ghazel, Yusheng Ci, Wei Zheng. Analyzing Rear-End Collision Risk Relevant to Autonomous Vehicles by Using a Humanlike Brake Model. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems, 2024, 150 (7), 8 p. ⟨10.1061/JTEPBS.TEENG-8250⟩. ⟨hal-04599482⟩
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